Chapter 6 – 3rd Ypres

Historical Context The first and second battles of Ypres were offensives launched by the German Army, but third Ypres was a British initiative aimed at achieving a breakthrough in Flanders and the destruction…

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Footnotes

  1. Tranquille House –     Bixschoote map: 20SW4-6A -     Ref: U.12.d.8.6.
  2. The Heliograph and the Lucas Lamp were the main methods of visual signalling. Very lights and flares were used mainly for signalling emergencies and illuminating the front line.
  3. The Regimental Aid Post (RAP) was the first and most forward in a chain of Medical Aid posts
  4. Olga Houses –        Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.18.b.6.2 
  5.  Pascal Farm -           Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.12.c.5.2 
  6. Corrigenda -
  7. 4th/5th Loyal North Lancashires (57th Divn)
  8. The 4th NF War Diary refers to the pill-boxes as a line of huts
  9. Forward Observation Officers provided target ranging information to the artillery, usually by field telephone
  10. During WW1 pigeons were used extensively on the Western Front to convey messages.
  11. Lucas Signalling Lamp
  12. 2nd Lt Roland  Wood
  13. Reliable Sgt – Sgt Thompson
  14.  The Tommy Cooker was a small tin of jellied fuel (methylated spirits) with a metal clip on attachment that served as the stove.
  15. Rose Crossroads Camp
  16.  2nd Lt David Arthur Smith is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  17.  2nd Lt William Ruddy is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  18. 2nd Lt Robert Arthur Abbs Simpson is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Seine Maritime, France.
  19.  2nd Lts George Edward Charlewood 
  20. 2nd Lt A.W.P. Leary -
  21.  2nd Lt H.B. Bell 
  22. 2nd Lt J.R. Ruddock 
  23. 2nd Lt R.Wood -
  24. 2nd Lt Ryde Guild Rayner is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  25. Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. Panel 19 to 23 and 162
  26.  Captain Johnson Morris Affleck MC - former Private in King Edward’s Horse
  27.  Ondank -         Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: A.5.d.5.4
  28.  Caribou Camp -    Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a. Ref: A.12.c.2.3
  29. White Mill Camp -      Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: B.14.d.7.6
  30. 446th Field Coy RE (formerly 1st Northumbrian Field Coy) numbered 446th on 1st February 1917
  31. Army Service Corps (ASC) were the logistics organisation that kept the troops supplied with food, equipment and ammunition using horse and motor transport
  32.  Marsouin Farm. -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.8.b.7.2.
  33. Bard Causeway -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.13.c.3.6
  34. Pte Bertram Leslie Reginald Smith (4/5033, 201928) enlisted in Chelsea. Formerly Middlesex Regt (25834) and Northumberland Fusiliers (7/7106). Commemorated  on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.
  35. Tranquille House –     Bixschoote map: 20SW4-6A -     Ref: U.12.d.8.6.
  36. The Heliograph and the Lucas Lamp were the main methods of visual signalling. Very lights and flares were used mainly for signalling emergencies and illuminating the front line.
  37. The Regimental Aid Post (RAP) was the first and most forward in a chain of Medical Aid posts
  38. Olga Houses –        Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.18.b.6.2 
  39.  Pascal Farm -           Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.12.c.5.2 
  40. Corrigenda -
  41. 4th/5th Loyal North Lancashires (57th Divn)
  42. The 4th NF War Diary refers to the pill-boxes as a line of huts
  43. Forward Observation Officers provided target ranging information to the artillery, usually by field telephone
  44. During WW1 pigeons were used extensively on the Western Front to convey messages.
  45. Lucas Signalling Lamp
  46. 2nd Lt Roland  Wood
  47. Reliable Sgt – Sgt Thompson
  48.  The Tommy Cooker was a small tin of jellied fuel (methylated spirits) with a metal clip on attachment that served as the stove.
  49. Rose Crossroads Camp
  50.  2nd Lt David Arthur Smith is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  51.  2nd Lt William Ruddy is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  52. 2nd Lt Robert Arthur Abbs Simpson is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Seine Maritime, France.
  53.  2nd Lts George Edward Charlewood 
  54. 2nd Lt A.W.P. Leary -
  55.  2nd Lt H.B. Bell 
  56. 2nd Lt J.R. Ruddock 
  57. 2nd Lt R.Wood -
  58. 2nd Lt Ryde Guild Rayner is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  59. Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. Panel 19 to 23 and 162
  60.  Captain Johnson Morris Affleck MC - former Private in King Edward’s Horse
  61.  Ondank -         Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: A.5.d.5.4
  62.  Caribou Camp -    Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a. Ref: A.12.c.2.3
  63. White Mill Camp -      Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: B.14.d.7.6
  64. 446th Field Coy RE (formerly 1st Northumbrian Field Coy) numbered 446th on 1st February 1917
  65. Army Service Corps (ASC) were the logistics organisation that kept the troops supplied with food, equipment and ammunition using horse and motor transport
  66.  Marsouin Farm. -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.8.b.7.2.
  67. Bard Causeway -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.13.c.3.6
  68. Pte Bertram Leslie Reginald Smith (4/5033, 201928) enlisted in Chelsea. Formerly Middlesex Regt (25834) and Northumberland Fusiliers (7/7106). Commemorated  on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.
  69. Tranquille House –     Bixschoote map: 20SW4-6A -     Ref: U.12.d.8.6.
  70. The Heliograph and the Lucas Lamp were the main methods of visual signalling. Very lights and flares were used mainly for signalling emergencies and illuminating the front line.
  71. The Regimental Aid Post (RAP) was the first and most forward in a chain of Medical Aid posts
  72. Olga Houses –        Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.18.b.6.2 
  73.  Pascal Farm -           Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.12.c.5.2 
  74. Corrigenda -
  75. 4th/5th Loyal North Lancashires (57th Divn)
  76. The 4th NF War Diary refers to the pill-boxes as a line of huts
  77. Forward Observation Officers provided target ranging information to the artillery, usually by field telephone
  78. During WW1 pigeons were used extensively on the Western Front to convey messages.
  79. Lucas Signalling Lamp
  80. 2nd Lt Roland  Wood
  81. Reliable Sgt – Sgt Thompson
  82.  The Tommy Cooker was a small tin of jellied fuel (methylated spirits) with a metal clip on attachment that served as the stove.
  83. Rose Crossroads Camp
  84.  2nd Lt David Arthur Smith is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  85.  2nd Lt William Ruddy is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  86. 2nd Lt Robert Arthur Abbs Simpson is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Seine Maritime, France.
  87.  2nd Lts George Edward Charlewood 
  88. 2nd Lt A.W.P. Leary -
  89.  2nd Lt H.B. Bell 
  90. 2nd Lt J.R. Ruddock 
  91. 2nd Lt R.Wood -
  92. 2nd Lt Ryde Guild Rayner is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  93. Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. Panel 19 to 23 and 162
  94.  Captain Johnson Morris Affleck MC - former Private in King Edward’s Horse
  95.  Ondank -         Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: A.5.d.5.4
  96.  Caribou Camp -    Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a. Ref: A.12.c.2.3
  97. White Mill Camp -      Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: B.14.d.7.6
  98. 446th Field Coy RE (formerly 1st Northumbrian Field Coy) numbered 446th on 1st February 1917
  99. Army Service Corps (ASC) were the logistics organisation that kept the troops supplied with food, equipment and ammunition using horse and motor transport
  100.  Marsouin Farm. -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.8.b.7.2.
  101. Bard Causeway -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.13.c.3.6
  102. Pte Bertram Leslie Reginald Smith (4/5033, 201928) enlisted in Chelsea. Formerly Middlesex Regt (25834) and Northumberland Fusiliers (7/7106). Commemorated  on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.
  103. Tranquille House –     Bixschoote map: 20SW4-6A -     Ref: U.12.d.8.6.
  104. The Heliograph and the Lucas Lamp were the main methods of visual signalling. Very lights and flares were used mainly for signalling emergencies and illuminating the front line.
  105. The Regimental Aid Post (RAP) was the first and most forward in a chain of Medical Aid posts
  106. Olga Houses –        Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.18.b.6.2 
  107.  Pascal Farm -           Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.12.c.5.2 
  108. Corrigenda -
  109. 4th/5th Loyal North Lancashires (57th Divn)
  110. The 4th NF War Diary refers to the pill-boxes as a line of huts
  111. Forward Observation Officers provided target ranging information to the artillery, usually by field telephone
  112. During WW1 pigeons were used extensively on the Western Front to convey messages.
  113. Lucas Signalling Lamp
  114. 2nd Lt Roland  Wood
  115. Reliable Sgt – Sgt Thompson
  116.  The Tommy Cooker was a small tin of jellied fuel (methylated spirits) with a metal clip on attachment that served as the stove.
  117. Rose Crossroads Camp
  118.  2nd Lt David Arthur Smith is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  119.  2nd Lt William Ruddy is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  120. 2nd Lt Robert Arthur Abbs Simpson is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Seine Maritime, France.
  121.  2nd Lts George Edward Charlewood 
  122. 2nd Lt A.W.P. Leary -
  123.  2nd Lt H.B. Bell 
  124. 2nd Lt J.R. Ruddock 
  125. 2nd Lt R.Wood -
  126. 2nd Lt Ryde Guild Rayner is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  127. Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. Panel 19 to 23 and 162
  128.  Captain Johnson Morris Affleck MC - former Private in King Edward’s Horse
  129.  Ondank -         Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: A.5.d.5.4
  130.  Caribou Camp -    Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a. Ref: A.12.c.2.3
  131. White Mill Camp -      Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: B.14.d.7.6
  132. 446th Field Coy RE (formerly 1st Northumbrian Field Coy) numbered 446th on 1st February 1917
  133. Army Service Corps (ASC) were the logistics organisation that kept the troops supplied with food, equipment and ammunition using horse and motor transport
  134.  Marsouin Farm. -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.8.b.7.2.
  135. Bard Causeway -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.13.c.3.6
  136. Pte Bertram Leslie Reginald Smith (4/5033, 201928) enlisted in Chelsea. Formerly Middlesex Regt (25834) and Northumberland Fusiliers (7/7106). Commemorated  on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.
  137. Tranquille House –     Bixschoote map: 20SW4-6A -     Ref: U.12.d.8.6.
  138. The Heliograph and the Lucas Lamp were the main methods of visual signalling. Very lights and flares were used mainly for signalling emergencies and illuminating the front line.
  139. The Regimental Aid Post (RAP) was the first and most forward in a chain of Medical Aid posts
  140. Olga Houses –        Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.18.b.6.2 
  141.  Pascal Farm -           Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.12.c.5.2 
  142. Corrigenda -
  143. 4th/5th Loyal North Lancashires (57th Divn)
  144. The 4th NF War Diary refers to the pill-boxes as a line of huts
  145. Forward Observation Officers provided target ranging information to the artillery, usually by field telephone
  146. During WW1 pigeons were used extensively on the Western Front to convey messages.
  147. Lucas Signalling Lamp
  148. 2nd Lt Roland  Wood
  149. Reliable Sgt – Sgt Thompson
  150.  The Tommy Cooker was a small tin of jellied fuel (methylated spirits) with a metal clip on attachment that served as the stove.
  151. Rose Crossroads Camp
  152.  2nd Lt David Arthur Smith is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  153.  2nd Lt William Ruddy is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  154. 2nd Lt Robert Arthur Abbs Simpson is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Seine Maritime, France.
  155.  2nd Lts George Edward Charlewood 
  156. 2nd Lt A.W.P. Leary -
  157.  2nd Lt H.B. Bell 
  158. 2nd Lt J.R. Ruddock 
  159. 2nd Lt R.Wood -
  160. 2nd Lt Ryde Guild Rayner is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  161. Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. Panel 19 to 23 and 162
  162.  Captain Johnson Morris Affleck MC - former Private in King Edward’s Horse
  163.  Ondank -         Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: A.5.d.5.4
  164.  Caribou Camp -    Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a. Ref: A.12.c.2.3
  165. White Mill Camp -      Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: B.14.d.7.6
  166. 446th Field Coy RE (formerly 1st Northumbrian Field Coy) numbered 446th on 1st February 1917
  167. Army Service Corps (ASC) were the logistics organisation that kept the troops supplied with food, equipment and ammunition using horse and motor transport
  168.  Marsouin Farm. -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.8.b.7.2.
  169. Bard Causeway -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.13.c.3.6
  170. Pte Bertram Leslie Reginald Smith (4/5033, 201928) enlisted in Chelsea. Formerly Middlesex Regt (25834) and Northumberland Fusiliers (7/7106). Commemorated  on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.
  171. Tranquille House –     Bixschoote map: 20SW4-6A -     Ref: U.12.d.8.6.
  172. The Heliograph and the Lucas Lamp were the main methods of visual signalling. Very lights and flares were used mainly for signalling emergencies and illuminating the front line.
  173. The Regimental Aid Post (RAP) was the first and most forward in a chain of Medical Aid posts
  174. Olga Houses –        Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.18.b.6.2 
  175.  Pascal Farm -           Bixschoote map -                Ref: U.12.c.5.2 
  176. Corrigenda -
  177. 4th/5th Loyal North Lancashires (57th Divn)
  178. The 4th NF War Diary refers to the pill-boxes as a line of huts
  179. Forward Observation Officers provided target ranging information to the artillery, usually by field telephone
  180. During WW1 pigeons were used extensively on the Western Front to convey messages.
  181. Lucas Signalling Lamp
  182. 2nd Lt Roland  Wood
  183. Reliable Sgt – Sgt Thompson
  184.  The Tommy Cooker was a small tin of jellied fuel (methylated spirits) with a metal clip on attachment that served as the stove.
  185. Rose Crossroads Camp
  186.  2nd Lt David Arthur Smith is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  187.  2nd Lt William Ruddy is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  188. 2nd Lt Robert Arthur Abbs Simpson is buried in St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Seine Maritime, France.
  189.  2nd Lts George Edward Charlewood 
  190. 2nd Lt A.W.P. Leary -
  191.  2nd Lt H.B. Bell 
  192. 2nd Lt J.R. Ruddock 
  193. 2nd Lt R.Wood -
  194. 2nd Lt Ryde Guild Rayner is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
  195. Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke, West Vlaanderen, Belgium. Panel 19 to 23 and 162
  196.  Captain Johnson Morris Affleck MC - former Private in King Edward’s Horse
  197.  Ondank -         Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: A.5.d.5.4
  198.  Caribou Camp -    Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a. Ref: A.12.c.2.3
  199. White Mill Camp -      Elverdinghe Map: 28NW1-4a.        Ref: B.14.d.7.6
  200. 446th Field Coy RE (formerly 1st Northumbrian Field Coy) numbered 446th on 1st February 1917
  201. Army Service Corps (ASC) were the logistics organisation that kept the troops supplied with food, equipment and ammunition using horse and motor transport
  202.  Marsouin Farm. -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.8.b.7.2.
  203. Bard Causeway -          St Julien Map 28NW2.6b:        Ref: C.13.c.3.6
  204. Pte Bertram Leslie Reginald Smith (4/5033, 201928) enlisted in Chelsea. Formerly Middlesex Regt (25834) and Northumberland Fusiliers (7/7106). Commemorated  on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.